PSORIASIS VULGARIS TREATMENT
Psoriasis vulgaris or chronic stationary psoriasis is the most common type of psoriasis affecting 80% of the people with psoriasis. It is also known as plaque psoriasis because of its appearance. The plaques are red, well-defined patches of raised skin covered with silvery white scales. Psoriasis vulgaris affects the scalp, elbows, knees, trunk and nails.
- Red patches or spots but when the legs are affected, there may be a blue tint.
- The patches increase in size and become scaly.
- The upper scales fall off in large quantities but the lower scales do not.
- Itching and burning of the affected skin.
- Cracked surface of the skin which bleeds easily.
- Nails with pitted, thick and ridged edges. They also become discolored and separate from the nail bed.
- Appears to affect symmetrically.
- Occurs at the joints where the skin bends. Also causes swollen and stiff joints of arms and legs.
- Mostly affects skin folds such as armpits, under the breasts, groin and buttocks.
In most cases the condition begins with itching and is experienced in cycles. The flare-up may last from a few days to even months. Then there might be a period of remission before it shows up again.
- Bacterial infection like streptococcal infection in the throat.
- Immune system disorder which leads to the production of T cells, which are a type of white blood cells. They cause inflammation in the skin.
- Certain drugs.
- HIV infection.
- Damage to skin.
- Lack of sleep.
- Exposure to sun.
The treatment for psoriasis vulgaris has to be comprehensive and depends on factors such as the cause, patient’s age, sex and health. Therefore, it varies from person to person. The drugs used in the treatment of this condition can be oral or topical.
- Topical treatment includes the use of moisturizers such as petroleum jelly and mineral oil to reduce dryness and scales.
- Use of Vitamin D preparations such as calcipotriol, tacalcitol, calcitriol and coal tar.
- Corticosteroids such as betamethasone and hydrocortisone are used in conjunction with vitamin D preparations and are helpful in chronic cases.
- Sulphur, coal tar and salicylic acid are used to treat infection of the scalp.
- Oral medications are used for advanced treatment. This includes immunosuppressants such as methotrexate and cyclosporine and acitretin, a vitamin A preparation given in the form of pills or injections. These are very toxic and affect the body by being absorbed by the blood, so care should be taken while administering them.
- Phototherapy using UV-B and PUVA and photo chemotherapy are also employed in the treatment.
Psoriasis Vulgaris Home remedies
Certain lifestyle choices can be made to reduce the chances of psoriasis vulgaris such as diet and exercise to maintain healthy weight and keep stress at bay.
Use pure aloe vera gel on the affected skin.
Consuming a diet rich in fibre like whole grains, fruits and vegetables, vitamins C and E and minerals such as zinc is beneficial. The diet should also include turkey, oily fish, celery and lettuce on a regular basis. Low fat dairy produce should be used.
Drinking plenty of water helps as it hydrates the cells and keeps the skin in a healthy condition.
Reduce the consumption of salt and food and beverages with added sugars.
Avoiding the factors which trigger psoriasis vulgaris such as overexposure to sunlight, smoking and stress go a long way in preventing flare-ups.